Kekuatan Pertahanan Indonesia no 14 Di Dunia
Sedikit terkejut ketika penulis melakukan browsing tentang pertahanan Negara Indonesia. Survei ini diambil dari www.globalfirepower.com. Namun dalam survey ini kalau pembaca jeli banyak aspek2 non military yang patut di pertimbangkan dalam statistik military defense. Menurut penulis kenapa Indonesia di peringkat 14 dunia diantaranya sebagai berikut:
- Faktor kependudukan (angkatan muda yang siap menjadi Militer sipil >100 juta jiwa) mengalahkan amerika serikat
- Faktor Sumber daya alam (Minyak Bumi, Besi, dll)
- Letak geografis
Namun untuk parameter pertahan itu sendiri atau yang lebih dikenal dengan alutsista TNI kita memang sangat kurang.
Inilah ulasan artikelnya @copyright from www.globalfirepower.com
The GFP final ranking is based on an in-house formula used to generate an average of all applicable statistics found on this website when compared against each country with applicable modifiers (bonuses and penalties) added to each nations score to present a more accurate list. The last major statistics review was in February of 2009. The GFP ranking list was updated in May of 2009. Changes to the list now include factors for current/recent military experiences, training levels and equipment quality. Denmark, South Africa and Georgia are new-adds bringing the country total to 42 nations.
Rank 1-10 Observations: The United States (GFP formula value of 0.184) remains the undisputed leader of our list thanks to their staying “active” in global hotspots, showcasing the world’s largest navy and continuing to poor in gobs of money into defense. Our formula sees China edge out Russia but only by the slimmest of margins (0.238 versus 0.241 respectively) with an edge in available manpower and financial capital. France (0.636) and Germany (0.672) are relative equals for the most part but the GFP formula gives a slight edge to France thanks to an aircraft carrier and capable navy as well as a bump in defense spending. Brazil (0.756) is the most powerful South American country on the list thanks to available manpower and a capable navy. Japan (0.920) is a “sleeper” power that sneaks into the top ten with a good navy, strong logistical infrastructure and capital.
Rank 11-20 Observations: Our formula provides for a good disparity between North and South Korea, placing South well-ahead of the North thanks to better infrastructure and capital. Mexico’s placement this high on the list is interesting to note – it scored a good balance across the board in all major categories. Israel finally gets a proper placement on this year’s list – just out of the top ten – sporting a strong land army with equally strong training, modern equipment and recent combat experience.
Rank 21-30 Observations: No surprises here. A basic collection of modern armies of generally equal strengths.
Rank 31-42 Observations: The bottom of the list features two rebuilding nations (Iraq and Afghanistan) as well as two “recovering” nations (Georgia and Lebanon) along with powers that generally stay relatively quiet.
Old Rank Order (from #1 – #39): USA, Russia, China, India, Germany, France, Japan, Turkey, Brazil, UK, Italy, South Korea, Indonesia, Mexico, Canada, Iran, Egypt, North Korea, Spain, Pakistan, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Argentina, Sweden, Israel, Greece, Taiwan, Syria, Philippines, Poland, Ukraine, Norway, Iraq, Libya, Venezuela, Lebanon, Nepal and Afghanistan.
Total Population: 237,512,352 
Population Available: 125,530,542 
Fit for Military Service: 104,496,911 
Reaching Military Age Annually: 4,291,700 
Active Military Personnel: 316,000 
Active Military Reserve: 400,000 
Active Paramilitary Units: 207,000 
Total Land-Based Weapons: 2,122
Tanks: 425 
Armored Personnel Carriers: 684 
Towed Artillery: 293 
Self-Propelled Guns: 70 
Anti-Aircraft Weapons: 515 
Total Navy Ships: 111
Merchant Marine Strength: 971 
Major Ports and Harbors: 10
Aircraft Carriers: 0 
Destroyers: 0 
Submarines: 2 
Frigates: 15 
Patrol & Coastal Craft: 24 
Mine Warfare Craft: 12 
Amphibious Craft: 26 
Total Aircraft: 313 
Helicopters: 194 
Serviceable Airports: 652 
Defense Budget: $4,740,000,000 
Foreign Exch. & Gold: $56,920,000,000 
Purchasing Power: $843,700,000 
Oil Production: 837,500 bbl/day 
Oil Consumption: 1,100,000 bbl/day 
Proven Oil Reserves: 4,430,000,000 bbl 
Labor Force: 109,900,000 
Roadways: 391,009 km
Railways: 6,458 km
Waterways: 21,579 km
Coastline: 54,716 km
Square Land Area: 1,919,440 km
Sources: US Library of Congress; Central Intelligence Agency